Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay Biography

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay Biography

Born: September 25, 1916, Nagla Chandrabhan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh

Died: February 11, 1968, Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh

Work: thinker, economist, sociologist, historian, and journalist

Deendayal Upadhyay was an Indian thinker, economist, sociologist, historian, and journalist. He played an essential role in creating the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and became the President of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (now the Bharatiya Janata Party). He opposed India’s blind secular support and Western democracy during British rule. Although he readily accepted the concept of democracy, he refused to accept Western oligarchy, exploitation, and capitalism. He devoted his life to making democracy powerful and to keep the things of the people ahead.

Deendayal Upadhyaya’s Childhood and Early Life

Deendayal Upadhyay was born on September 25, 1916, in Dhankia, Rajasthan, into a middle class reputed Hindu family. His great-grandfather’s name was Pandit Hariram Upadhyay, who was an eminent astrologer. His father’s name was Shri Bhagwati Prasad Upadhyay, and his mother’s name was Rampyari. Her father was employed as assistant station master in Jalesar, and her mother was a very religious-minded woman.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay

His younger brother’s name was Shivdayal Upadhyay. Unfortunately, when his age was only two and a half years, his father died untimely. After this, his family started living with his maternal grandfather. Here his family was trying to recover from the miseries that his mother left two young children and left the world while undergoing treatment for tuberculosis. Not only this, when he was only ten years old, his maternal grandfather also died.

His maternal uncle raised him like his own children. Apart from taking care of himself at a young age, he also took the responsibility of guarding his younger brother. Still, unfortunately, the brother suffered from smallpox and died on November 18, 1934. Deendayal saw many ups and downs in his low age, but he moved forward in life with his determination.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay

He passed the high school examination from Sikar. Deendayal, an intelligent and bright genius by birth, received many gold medals and prestigious awards while studying in school and college. He did his schooling at GD Birla College, Pilani, and did his graduation from Sanatan Dharma College, Kanpur University. After this, he passed the civil service examination, but he abandoned it for the benefit of the general public.

Their Relationship with RSS

Deendayal Upadhyaya was highly devoted to social service since the early years of his life. During his college days in 1937, he was associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in Kanpur. There he rss Talked with the founder of Dr. Hedgewar and devoted himself entirely to the organization. After completing his college education in the year 1942, he neither tried for a job nor marriage, but he received RSS training to get training in the teaching of the Sangh. I went to Nagpur to attend the 40-day camp.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay with atal bihari bajpai

His Association with the Jana Sangh

Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1951, and Deendayal Upadhyay was appointed as the first General Secretary. He continued as General Secretary of the Jana Sangh till December 1967. Impressed by his efficiency, intelligence, and qualities of perfection, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee used to say proudly to him, “If I have two Deendayals, I can change the political face of India.” But suddenly, with the untimely demise of Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee in the year 1953, the responsibility of the entire organization fell on the youthful shoulders of Deendayal Upadhyay.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay

Thus he served the Jana Sangh as General Secretary for about 15 years. Deendayal Upadhyay was elected the President of the Jana Sangh in Calicut in December 1967 at the 14th Annual Session of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh.

As a Writer

The journalism within Deendayal Upadhyaya was revealed when he worked in the national magazine ‘Rashtradharma’ to be published from Lucknow in the 1940s. During his tenure, your RSS started a weekly newspaper, ‘Panchjanya’ and a daily newspaper, ‘Swadesh.’ He wrote the play ‘Chandragupta Maurya’ and a biography of Shankaracharya in Hindi.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay

The journalism within Deendayal Upadhyaya was revealed when he worked in the national magazine ‘Rashtradharma’ to be published from Lucknow in the 1940s. During his tenure, your RSS started a weekly newspaper, ‘Panchjanya’ and a daily newspaper, ‘Swadesh.’ He wrote the play ‘Chandragupta Maurya’ and a biography of Shankaracharya in Hindi.

He also founded the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh founder, Dr. K.B. Hedgewar’s biography was translated from Marathi to Hindi. His other famous literary works are ‘Samrat Chandragupta,’ ‘Jagatguru Shankaracharya,’ ‘Why is Akhand Bharat,’ ‘Problems of nation life,’ ‘Rashtra Chintan’ and ‘Direction of nation life’ etc.

His Views Towards Indian Democracy and Society

Deendayal Upadhyay’s concept was that after independence, the basis of India’s development should be its Indian culture and not the western ideology left by the British. Although democracy in India was established soon after independence, Deendayal Upadhyay had a fear that India would not be able to do so after long years of slavery.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay

His idea was that democracy is the birthright of India and not a West (British) gift. He also emphasized that employees and laborers should also focus on resolving the government’s grievances. He thought that it should be the duty of the administration to respect every person. According to him, democracy should not go beyond its limits, and public opinion should be ensured in the light of their faith and religion.

The Concept of ‘Integral Humanism’

The political philosophy based on the concept of ‘Integral Humanism’ established by Deendayal is a Bharatiya Jana Sangh product (the present Bharatiya Janata Party). According to him, ‘Integral Humanism’ is a unified program of body, mind, intellect, and soul of every human being.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay with narendra modi

As an independent nation, he said that India could not depend on Western concepts like individualism, democracy, socialism, communism, and capitalism. He was of the view that the Indian intellect is feeling suffocated by Western principles and ideologies. As a result, there is a lot of hindrance in developing and expanding the fundamental Indian doctrine.

ALSO READ: Chaudhary Charan Singh Biography


On December 19, 1967, Deendayal Upadhyay was elected President of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, but the destiny was somewhat different. The dead body of Deendayal was found at the Mughal Sarai railway station on the morning of February 11, 1968.

Pandit Deendayal Upadyhay death

Hearing this, the whole country was drowned in sorrow. To pay tribute to this great leader, crowds thronged the Rajendra Prasad Marg. He was paid tribute on February 12, 1968, by the then President of India, Dr. Zakir Hussain, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and Morarji Desai. To date, his death remains an unsolved riddle.

Leave a Comment