Aloe Vera Business: Aloe vera is a thorny plant that is slightly bitter. It is a versatile plant accepted as a medicine, as a beauty product, and even as a food item. The name of the Aloe vera plant has become important in the list of Ayurvedic products. Many people also know it by the name Guarpatha. Aloe vera cultivation is considered very beneficial due to the increasing demand in the market for products without side effects of aloe vera. Many farmers believe that the cultivation of such plants can be a loss, but they are not. In today’s article, we will talk about cultivating aloe vera and making a profit from it.
Aloe vera is being cultivated in abundance by farmers today, making better profits, especially in Gujarat, and Rajasthan farmers have seen a lot of craze for its cultivation. Many farmers want to do this cultivation, but in the absence of sufficient information, They are not able to cultivate it; through this article, we will know every aspect related to the cultivation of aloe vera, including favourable climate, manure, tillage, irrigation, plant harvesting, cost, profits etc.
Aloe Vera Business | Aloe Vera Farming Business Plan
What is aloe vera?
Many people know Aloe Vera as Ghrit Kumari and Guarpatha. This plant with a height of about 2 to 3 feet is a multivariate fleshy plant of the Liliaceae clan. The trunk of this plant is small, and the roots are clumps that are less deep inside the ground. The plant leaves are one to one and a half feet long, thick and fruitful and green, in which both are finely cut
. The thickness of these fleshy leaves is about half an inch, and the width is one to three inches. These leaves are bitter, and the pulp inside them is filled, which is considered the main purpose of growing the plant and the source of earning from the plant. This plant was brought to India from abroad but now produces all over India and mainly arid regions.
Where to cultivate aloe vera
First of all, you must have noticed one thing that aloe vera also grows in many places where it does not get water. This is the speciality of this plant; it also grows easily in such areas. Remember, whichever land you choose for it, there should not be a lot of water because it can get over it or the growth will decrease. Along with this, you can start cultivation using manure in an area with good sandy soil. By doing this, you will get good results.
The climate required for the cultivation of aloe vera
A special thing in the cultivation of aloe vera is that it will not take much effort and expense to grow it. If you live in arid areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Haryana, then cultivation of this plant will prove to be most beneficial for you. The most suitable climate for the cultivation of aloe vera is a warm climate, but there are many exceptions; aloe vera is a plant that you can grow in any environment. It will not make any difference in its quality and its production capacity. There is no special kind of difference, so any farmer in the country can produce it.
What soil does the aloe vera crop require?
The biggest feature of the aloe vera plant is that it can thrive in any soil, for this every type of soil is fertile soil, but this plant gives some good yield in loam soil and loamy soil, almost every other soil. It is considered fertile soil for the crop. This soil is made from a mixture of sandy clay; due to the amount of sand being 40%, this soil has enough space for air penetration, due to which this soil becomes very fertile.
This soil is mainly found in some areas of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat, along with whatever land you want to cultivate aloe vera crop, it should be slightly higher than the normal level because the rain in aloe vera crop is Due to the accumulation of water, the harvest is damaged. Therefore you should make a system for this crop so that rainwater does not stop in the field.
Choosing the right plant for aloe vera cultivation Select which aloe vera plant
For the cultivation of aloe vera, you must keep in mind that you choose the right species of aloe vera plant; like many other crops and plants, the aloe vera plant also has many types. In the cultivation of aloe vera, you get the main profit from its fleshy leaves and the pulp (gel) that comes out of those leaves. By the way, there are many species of aloe vera that you can cultivate; many breeds of aloe vera are available in the market today, of which there are only a few, which you can get good yield by boosting.
With this, there is no demand for all kinds of aloe vera in the market. There are some hybrid species of aloe vera, which are very much in order in the market, so whenever cultivating aloe vera, use a good variety of hybrid aloe vera for you. If you choose the Aloe vera plant of the right species, you can earn a maximum profit because your whole business depends on the right species of Aloe Vera plant. Otherwise, you can also suffer a huge loss.
There are many benefits to cultivating hybrid aloe vera.
- Hybrid aloe vera plants have better fighting ability than the rest.
- Hybrid Aloe Vera is far ahead of other Aloe Vera varieties in terms of production.
According to market demand, you will not have to face many difficulties in finding customers by cultivating aloe vera according to market demand. You will also get a good price for your product, which will prevent you from incurring heavy losses.
A variety of hybrid plant variety is available in the market for Aloe vera cultivation, but you select this two variety of Aloe vera plant. This variety is below.
- IEC 111269
- IEC 111271
If you want to cultivate aloe vera, then you can also choose any of these two breeds. These breeds have good yield potential, which gives a good price for the crop if you plant this two variety of aloe vera. If you choose, you will get many benefits from them, such as this plant grows fast and the fear of getting insects in them is also less. This is the plant that can give you more profits in less time. If the data is considered, you can grow 35 tons of aloe vera in 2 acres of land by cultivating these plants, and the price of one ton of aloe vera is 25 to 30 thousand rupees in the Indian market.
Where will you meet seeds?
Aloe vera farming can be a new thing for a lot of people. In such a situation, they would not know that the seeds for the cultivation of aloe vera will meet the Kaha! Aloe vera seeds are commonly found in the market. But for the sake of special benefits, tell us that many species of Guarpatha plant have been developed by the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Sources. The CIMAP of Lucknow has also prepared advanced species for the cultivation of aloe vera. Apart from this, you can also contact farmers who have grown aloe vera in the past. Aloe vera is sown in four to five-leaf condos from 3 to 4 months old. About 5 to 10 thousand condos are needed for an acre of land.
How to cultivate aloe vera
Before sowing the aloe vera crop, it is very important to prepare the field to get a favourable environment to grow according to its requirement. It can be started in any season of the year, as it does not require much water. Still, the time of February to April is considered very favourable for initiating its cultivation.
First of all, clean the place where you have to do farming. Remove the junk, thorns etc., from there; after that, you will have to plough your field at least one time, then after that, you will have to add 10 tons of dung manure in 1 hectare of land, after pressing it once again. So that this cow dung fertilizer mixes well in the field
After this, if your field is less fertile, you can also spray 130 kg of urea, 160 kg of phosphorus, 33 kg of potash in the area. This ratio is for one hectare of land if less land than you want to cultivate. These fertilizers can be used in the same proportion according to the ground.
After that, you will have to transplant. Aloe vera is transplanted through the rhizome. You have to water it only three to four times till it grows because we had already told you that this plant does not require much water. Along with this, you will have to take care of it in between because there are many kits such as track pests etc. which can harm them. For this, you have to use pesticides on time. Not only this, weed etc., is removed in every field, so you have to protect it also so that its growth is not hindered. In the same way, you can easily cultivate aloe vera.
It is very easy for those who live in the desert area to cultivate aloe vera because aloe vera grows very easily in hot temperatures and sandy soil, such as the people of aloe vera cultivation in Rajasthan and its adjacent area. Taxes are making good profits. Aloe vera farming is much easier than other crops because we need less water, fertilizer medicine to prepare the land for cultivation.
When to harvest aloe vera
Any aloe vera plant grows well within 10-12 months of its full development. After this time, these plants are ready for harvesting. While harvesting aloe vera, many people do not care how to cut it, so you always keep in mind that never pull it up from the root. Because the aloe vera will grow again from the same source, and if you cut from the heart, the aloe vera will not rise again, and you may be harmed
When harvesting the leaves of the plants, keep this in mind, do not cut their upper leaves, as they are new leaves and not fully grown; break some of the leaves under each plant 45 days after that. Is, they are also ready to die; after that, they can be broken.
This process continues like this; you can benefit by harvesting for 2 to 4 years without planting aloe vera. If you planted the plants in one hectare of land, it produced 60 tons of fresh leaves every year. It can be increased in the second and third year of its production by 20%.
Aloe vera diseases and their prevention
In Aloe vera, keep the weeds etc., growing in the field from time to time. Otherwise, weeds can stop their growth and keep the soil from time to time in the beds, which also prevents the tilt of the plants. Only the possibility of stopping the water also decreases
Sometimes yellow stripes disease is seen on their leaves. This disease is caused by fungus. To overcome this, mancozeb ready mix, diatom M-45 can be used. It is necessary to arrange for the rainwater to come out of the field immediately. , Otherwise, it can ruin your crop
Where will you sell aloe vera?
After the Aloe vera crop preparation comes out, it is important to pay attention to selling it. It is important to find your customer before you start cultivation, not only after the cultivation of Aloe vera, but you do not need to worry about it. Many companies ask for making aloe vera medicines.
Whatever companies like this, you have to contact them, and they have to sell it. If you want to make a contract with a company, then start farming only; many companies can create products related to Aloe Vera, you can contact them.
Some famous companies that buy aloe vera from farmers
Apart from this, some local companies buy aloe vera.
Not only this, you can sell these plants while cultivating aloe vera because it is used in every household. Not only this, Aloe Vera produces many products like Face Crim for Beauty. Aloe vera also makes many medicines for skin diseases. Aloe vera juice is also made; you can also sell it for this. You can also market it in the online market.
ALSO READ: Cold Storage Business Plan
How much can be earned from the cultivation of aloe vera
You have a lot of profit from the cultivation of Aloe vera; after cultivation of Aloe vera, there are two ways to earn from it; you can earn by selling aloe vera leaves, you can sell them for 10-12 months of investment of 60 to 70 thousand rupees. They make from 8 to 10 lakh rupees.
This means that you can think of earning at least 70 to 80 thousand every month. Not only this, you can do many things from this farming like making some of its products and selling them. The demand for Aloe Vera juice is also increasing these days, so if you want, you can also create and sell its juice; the price of Aloe vera leaves is about 4000 rupees/ton.
If you remove the juice and give it to another company, it will cost you 150 rupees/litre. Many such things are available in the market, which is made from aloe vera. You can produce its juice. Also, you can also create and sell aloe vera gel for the face. Aloe vera is a medicinal plant, and in most medicinal plants, there is a demand for aloe vera. That is why you can start a good business of this.
In this way, you can earn 3-4 lakh rupees annually from the cultivation of aloe vera